This paper considers a procedurally fair provision mechanism that allows members of a small group to determine, through their bids, which project to implement. Previous experiments with (only) costly projects have demonstrated that the mechanism is efficiency enhancing. Our experiment tests whether the mechanism remains conducive to efficiency when revenue-generating, but less efficient, projects are made available. We find that this is not the case. Additionally, we detect no significant difference in bid levels depending on whether mixed valuations are present or absent, and on whether the others’ valuations are known or unknown. We interpret these results as evidence that the availability of revenue-generating projects engenders a biased perception of the efficient costly project.
Güth, W., Koukoumelis, A., Levati, M. V., & Ploner, M. (2014). Providing revenue-generating projects under a fair mechanism: An experimental analysis. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 108, 410-419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2014.02.024