Proteinase inhibitors from the molting fluid of the pharate adult tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta

R I Samuels, S E Reynolds

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8 Citations (SciVal)


The molting fluid of pharate adult Manduca sexta was found to contain at least two types of proteinase inhibitor activities. One inhibited the native cuticle degrading trypsin-like proteinase, MFP1, while the other was found to be highly specific for subtilisin-like enzymes. The developmental profiles of both these inhibitor activities were investigated. MFP-1 inhibitor activity was found to be present in the molting fluid of all stages of pre-ecdysial development, except stage 7, which possessed the highest levels of MFP-1 activity. The inhibitor was estimated to have a relative molecular mass of 14.5 k and was found to be heat stable. A role in regulation of cuticle degradation is suggested. Subtilisin inhibitor activity was found in molting fluid from all eight stages of pre-ecdysial development, although there was some variation observed between the stages when inhibitor activities were visualized using PAGE zymograms. A subtilisin inhibitor was purified using Sep-Pak cartridges and Reverse Phase HPLC, The inhibitor was found to be of low relative molecular mass (11 k), heat stable, and highly specific for fungal enzymes such as PR1 from the entomopathogen Metarhizium anisopliae, Therefore, a role in insect defense is suggested. Arch Insect Biochem, Physiol. 43:33-43, 2000, (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-43
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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ID number: ISI:000084585600005


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