Protection against ultraviolet A-induced oxidative damage in normal human epidermal keratinocytes under post-menopausal conditions by an ultraviolet A-activated caged-iron chelator: a pilot study

E Pelle, J L Jian, L Declercq, K Dong, Q Yang, Charareh Pourzand, D Maes, N Pernodet, D B Yarosh, X Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/purpose: Human skin is constantly exposed to ultraviolet A (UVA), which can generate reactive oxygen species and cause iron release from ferritin, leading to oxidative damage in biomolecules. This is particularly true in post-menopausal skin due to an increase in iron as a result of menopause. As iron is generally released through desquamation, the skin becomes a main portal for the release of excess iron in this age group. In the present study, we examined a strategy for controlling UVA- and iron-induced oxidative stress in skin using a keratinocyte post-menopausal cellular model system. Methods: Keratinocytes that had been cultured under normal or high-iron, low-estrogen conditions were treated with (2-nitrophenyl) ethyl pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (2-PNE-PIH). 2-PNE-PIH is a caged-iron chelator that does not normally bind iron but can be activated by UVA radiation to bind iron. Following incubation with 2-PNE-PIH, the cells were exposed to 5 J/cm(2) UVA and then measured for changes in lipid peroxidation and ferritin levels. Results: 2-PNE-PIH protected keratinocytes against UVA-induced lipid peroxidation and ferritin depletion. Further, 2-PNE-PIH was neither cytotoxic nor did it alter iron metabolism. Conclusion: 2-PNE-PIH may be a useful deterrent against UVA-induced oxidative stress in postmenopausal women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-235
Number of pages5
JournalPhotodermatology Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Volume27
Issue number5
Early online date26 Sep 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • keratinocytes
  • chelator
  • UVA
  • iron
  • post-menopausal

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