Protecting olympic participants from COVID-19: The trialled and tested process

Fabio Pigozzi, Bernd Wolfarth, Ana Cintron Rodriguez, Juergen Michael Steinacker, Victoriya Badtieva, James Lee John Bilzon, Christian Schneider, William O. Roberts, Jeroen Swart, Demitri Constantinou, Michiko Dohi, Theodora Papadopoulou, Mark Hutchinson, Luigi Di Luigi, Maher Zahar, Raymond So, Fergus M. Guppy, Jean François Kaux, Upul Madahapola, Sandra RozenstokaPedro Manonelles Marqueta, Jose Antonio Casajús, Sebastien Racinais, Konstantinos Natsis, Irina Zelenkova, Bulent Ulkar, Elif Ozdemir, Francisco Arroyo, André Pedrinelli, Mike Miller, Norbert Bachl, Michael Geistlinger, Yannis P. Pitsiladis

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

5 Citations (SciVal)


Political contestability is an important issue in the ethical analysis of corporate political activity (hereafter CPA). Though previous studies have proposed analytical frameworks for creating contestable political systems, these studies conceive firm-level factors such as size and wealth as the main (and perhaps, only) determinants of contestability. This relegates the influences of informal managerial-level attributes such as tribalism, especially in ethnically diverse contexts where politics and tribe are inseparable. In this article, I explore the linkages between managers’ tribal identity and political contestability among firms in Ghana. I found that contestability is affected by tribal consonance (similarity) and tribal dissonance (difference) between corporate executives and policymakers. I also found that dissonance creates liability of tribe, which causes contestability problems in all four stages of the CPA process—i.e., political planning, political access, political voice, and political influence. Overall, this article extends the micro–macro link of political connections from performance to the ethics of political competition and contestability. It offers important contributions to the literature, advances insightful implications for practice, and outlines useful future research directions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1321-1323
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number23
Early online date16 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2021


  • COVID-19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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