Properties of cryogenic and low temperature composite materials – A review

Zsombor Sápi, Richard Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

82 Citations (SciVal)
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This paper reviews the literature published since 1994 related to the behaviour of composite materials at low and cryogenic temperatures. The material properties addressed are: tensile, compressive and shear strength, elastic modulus and stress-strain behaviour; mechanical and thermal fatigue response; fracture toughness; impact resistance; thermal expansion and thermal conductivity; tribology and wear; permeability. The underlying physical principles responsible for the behaviour at cold temperatures are also discussed. Finally, the challenges related to cryogenic experimental testing are introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103190
Early online date19 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2020


  • Carbon fibre
  • Cold temperature
  • Liquid nitrogen (LN2)
  • Microcracking
  • Space applications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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