Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success: The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture

Adam Smale, Silvia Bagdadli, Rick Cotton, Silvia Dello Russo, Michael Dickmann, Anders Dysvik, Martina Gianecchini, Robert Kaše, Mila Lazarova, Astrid Reichel, Paula Rozo, Marijke Verbruggen, Katharina Chudzikowski, The Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) Research Collaborative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines whether the relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success is moderated by perceived organizational support and national culture. Hypotheses were tested using multilevel analyses on a large-scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22
different countries covering nine out of GLOBE’s ten cultural clusters. As hypothesized, we found a positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success. Our results also showed that the moderation effects differ across subjective career success dimensions (financial success and work-life balance). Perceived organizational support and in-
group collectivism strengthened the positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and work-life balance, but not the relationship with financial success; whereas uncertainty avoidance weakened the relationship between proactive career behaviors and financial success, but not the relationship with work-life balance. Interestingly, we found as much support for a ‘counter-
culture advantage’ as for culture fit. Overall, our findings support the importance of treating career success as a multidimensional construct, and highlight the complex role of organizational and cultural context in influencing the consequences of proactive career behaviors.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1 - 18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Early online date20 Aug 2018
DOIs
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

national culture
career
Multilevel Analysis
work-life-balance
Uncertainty
Work-Life Balance
National cultures
Career success
Perceived organizational support
collectivism
subculture
employee
uncertainty
Work-life balance

Keywords

  • Proactive career behaviors
  • career success
  • career self-management
  • organizational career management
  • national culture

Cite this

Smale, A., Bagdadli, S., Cotton, R., Dello Russo, S., Dickmann, M., Dysvik, A., ... The Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) Research Collaborative (2018). Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success: The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2316

Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success : The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture. / Smale, Adam; Bagdadli, Silvia; Cotton, Rick; Dello Russo, Silvia; Dickmann, Michael; Dysvik, Anders; Gianecchini, Martina; Kaše, Robert; Lazarova, Mila; Reichel, Astrid; Rozo, Paula; Verbruggen, Marijke; Chudzikowski, Katharina; The Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) Research Collaborative.

In: Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20.08.2018, p. 1 - 18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smale, A, Bagdadli, S, Cotton, R, Dello Russo, S, Dickmann, M, Dysvik, A, Gianecchini, M, Kaše, R, Lazarova, M, Reichel, A, Rozo, P, Verbruggen, M, Chudzikowski, K & The Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) Research Collaborative 2018, 'Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success: The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture' Journal of Organizational Behavior, pp. 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2316
Smale, Adam ; Bagdadli, Silvia ; Cotton, Rick ; Dello Russo, Silvia ; Dickmann, Michael ; Dysvik, Anders ; Gianecchini, Martina ; Kaše, Robert ; Lazarova, Mila ; Reichel, Astrid ; Rozo, Paula ; Verbruggen, Marijke ; Chudzikowski, Katharina ; The Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) Research Collaborative. / Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success : The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture. In: Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2018 ; pp. 1 - 18.
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