Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success: The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture

Adam Smale, Silvia Bagdadli, Rick Cotton, Silvia Dello Russo, Michael Dickmann, Anders Dysvik, Martina Gianecchini, Robert Kaše, Mila Lazarova, Astrid Reichel, Paula Rozo, Marijke Verbruggen, Ifedapo Adeleye, Maike Andresen, Eleni Apospori, Olusegun Babalola, Jon P. Briscoe, Jong-Seok Cha, Katharina Chudzikowski, Nicky Dries & 2 others Petra Eggenhofer-Rehart, et al.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines whether the relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success is moderated by perceived organizational support and national culture. Hypotheses were tested using multilevel analyses on a large-scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22
different countries covering nine out of GLOBE’s ten cultural clusters. As hypothesized, we found a positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success. Our results also showed that the moderation effects differ across subjective career success dimensions (financial success and work-life balance). Perceived organizational support and in-
group collectivism strengthened the positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and work-life balance, but not the relationship with financial success; whereas uncertainty avoidance weakened the relationship between proactive career behaviors and financial success, but not the relationship with work-life balance. Interestingly, we found as much support for a ‘counter-
culture advantage’ as for culture fit. Overall, our findings support the importance of treating career success as a multidimensional construct, and highlight the complex role of organizational and cultural context in influencing the consequences of proactive career behaviors.
LanguageEnglish
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
StatusAccepted/In press - 18 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

national culture
career
Multilevel Analysis
work-life-balance
Uncertainty
Work-Life Balance
National cultures
Career success
Perceived organizational support
collectivism
subculture
employee
uncertainty
Work-life balance

Keywords

  • Proactive career behaviors
  • career success
  • career self-management
  • organizational career management
  • national culture

Cite this

Smale, A., Bagdadli, S., Cotton, R., Dello Russo, S., Dickmann, M., Dysvik, A., ... al., E. (Accepted/In press). Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success: The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture.

Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success : The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture. / Smale, Adam; Bagdadli, Silvia; Cotton, Rick; Dello Russo, Silvia; Dickmann, Michael; Dysvik, Anders; Gianecchini, Martina; Kaše, Robert; Lazarova, Mila; Reichel, Astrid; Rozo, Paula; Verbruggen, Marijke; Adeleye, Ifedapo; Andresen, Maike; Apospori, Eleni; Babalola, Olusegun; Briscoe, Jon P.; Cha, Jong-Seok; Chudzikowski, Katharina; Dries, Nicky; Eggenhofer-Rehart, Petra; al., et.

In: Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smale, A, Bagdadli, S, Cotton, R, Dello Russo, S, Dickmann, M, Dysvik, A, Gianecchini, M, Kaše, R, Lazarova, M, Reichel, A, Rozo, P, Verbruggen, M, Adeleye, I, Andresen, M, Apospori, E, Babalola, O, Briscoe, JP, Cha, J-S, Chudzikowski, K, Dries, N, Eggenhofer-Rehart, P & al., E 2018, 'Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success: The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture' Journal of Organizational Behavior.
Smale, Adam ; Bagdadli, Silvia ; Cotton, Rick ; Dello Russo, Silvia ; Dickmann, Michael ; Dysvik, Anders ; Gianecchini, Martina ; Kaše, Robert ; Lazarova, Mila ; Reichel, Astrid ; Rozo, Paula ; Verbruggen, Marijke ; Adeleye, Ifedapo ; Andresen, Maike ; Apospori, Eleni ; Babalola, Olusegun ; Briscoe, Jon P. ; Cha, Jong-Seok ; Chudzikowski, Katharina ; Dries, Nicky ; Eggenhofer-Rehart, Petra ; al., et. / Proactive Career Behaviors and Subjective Career Success : The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and National Culture. In: Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2018
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abstract = "This study examines whether the relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success is moderated by perceived organizational support and national culture. Hypotheses were tested using multilevel analyses on a large-scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22different countries covering nine out of GLOBE’s ten cultural clusters. As hypothesized, we found a positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success. Our results also showed that the moderation effects differ across subjective career success dimensions (financial success and work-life balance). Perceived organizational support and in-group collectivism strengthened the positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and work-life balance, but not the relationship with financial success; whereas uncertainty avoidance weakened the relationship between proactive career behaviors and financial success, but not the relationship with work-life balance. Interestingly, we found as much support for a ‘counter-culture advantage’ as for culture fit. Overall, our findings support the importance of treating career success as a multidimensional construct, and highlight the complex role of organizational and cultural context in influencing the consequences of proactive career behaviors.",
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AB - This study examines whether the relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success is moderated by perceived organizational support and national culture. Hypotheses were tested using multilevel analyses on a large-scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22different countries covering nine out of GLOBE’s ten cultural clusters. As hypothesized, we found a positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and subjective career success. Our results also showed that the moderation effects differ across subjective career success dimensions (financial success and work-life balance). Perceived organizational support and in-group collectivism strengthened the positive relationship between proactive career behaviors and work-life balance, but not the relationship with financial success; whereas uncertainty avoidance weakened the relationship between proactive career behaviors and financial success, but not the relationship with work-life balance. Interestingly, we found as much support for a ‘counter-culture advantage’ as for culture fit. Overall, our findings support the importance of treating career success as a multidimensional construct, and highlight the complex role of organizational and cultural context in influencing the consequences of proactive career behaviors.

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