Prevalence of multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected residential sewages in Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria

Ayodele Timilehin Adesoji, Jude Prince Onuh, Ishaya Paldung Palang, Ahmad Mansur Liadi, Sule Musa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The global surge in Multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria is an issue of great concern. Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been implicated in several nosocomial infections, where it has caused grave complications in immunocompromised patients. This is the first study to report the prevalence of MDR P. aeruginosa isolated from residential sewage in Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria. Pseudomonads count, isolation, biochemical characterization and antibiogram were carried out using standard microbiological procedures. This study examined sixty (60) samples from selected residential sewage in the study site collected at different intervals between July and September 2021. A total of 40 (66.7%) P. aeruginosa were isolated from the analyzed sewage samples. The highest (2.84x104) pseudomonad count was recorded from sewage samples collected from Kadangaru. Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from this sample site showed the highest (100%) resistance to cephalosporins (cefuroxime) and nitrofurantoin. Similarly, isolates from Miami area also demonstrated the highest (95%) resistance to a cephalosporin (ceftazidime). All (100%) isolates used in this study showed MDR resistance to tested antibiotics. The occurrence of MDR P. aeruginosa from a residential sewage site that may contaminate drinking water sources in the study area is of public health threat to the inhabitants. Surveillance and molecular epidemiology of antibiotics resistant bacteria are urgently needed in the study area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2152
JournalJournal of Public Health in Africa
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding: None

Availability of data and materials: Data and materials are available by the authors

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Multidrug resistance
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Residential sewage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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