Preparation of zirconia-mullite composites by an infiltration route

H C Park, T Y Yang, S Y Yoon, R Stevens

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33 Citations (SciVal)


In order to improve the mechanical properties of pure mullite ceramics, a process has been developed that incorporates Zr(Y)O-2 into mullite by infiltrating partially reaction sintered (porous) mullite compacts with mixed ZrOCl(.)8H(2)O and YCl(3)(.)6H(2)O solutions, corresponding to ZrO2/Y2O3 = 97/3 (mol.%). The infiltration of small amount (similar to 7.2 wt.%) of Zr(Y)O-2 significantly improved the densification behavior and mechanical properties of mullite bodies sintered at 1620 degrees C, for 10 h. The mocrostructure contained a few elongated mullite crystals (aspect ratio > 6) which were embedded in a fine-grained matrix. The relatively large Zr(Y)02 inclusions were mainly dispersed intergranularly in the matrix, but small (< 0.7 mu m) inclusions were present in the grains. During sintering, the liquid phase having higher Al2O3 content than that of stoichiometric mullite composition formed at triple points of the mullite/mullite grains. (c) 2005 Published by Elsevier B.V
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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