Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases

P Plucinski, B Darragh

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Alumina hollow fibers were prepd. by a combined phase inversion and sintering method. A polymer/solvent [poly(ether-sulfone)/1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone] system filled with alumina powder is extruded into a nonsolvent bath to form the fibers which are then dried and sintered at high temp. to give alumina fibers. The fibers were characterized using a combined dry and wet gas permeation method and using SEM. Fibers were coated using simple dip coating techniques to study the effects on minimizing defects and max. pore size. More complex techniques have not been used, as there is no need to reduce median pore size given the intended application. Finally fibers were constructed into a module for parallel flow phase contacting. Mass transfer studies were carried out on removal of dissolved O from H2O, Ar was used as a stripping gas. Varied liq. flow, tube side pressure and gas flow were studied. The results were compared with predictions based on known mass transfer correlations for hollow fiber contactors. Mass transfer was strongly limited by diffusion through the liq. filled membrane. By increasing tube side pressure the liq./gas interface could be driven back across the fiber wall resulting in effectively 2 mass transfer layers, one liq. filled layer, and one gas filled layer. Mass transfer is far faster in the gas filled layer so overall mass transfer is improved as the liq. filled layer is reduced. [on SciFinder (R)]
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventWorld Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th - Glasgow, UK United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Jul 200514 Jul 2005

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th
CountryUK United Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period10/07/0514/07/05

Fingerprint

Aluminum Oxide
Gases
Mass transfer
Fibers
1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone
Pore size
Sulfones
Parallel flow
Coating techniques
Pipe flow
Permeation
Ether
Powders
Flow of gases
Polymers
Sintering
Membranes
Defects
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • alumina hollow fiber dissolved gas removal contactor
  • Contacting apparatus (prepn. of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for removal of dissolved gases)
  • USES (Uses)
  • PREP (Preparation) (hollow
  • PREP (Preparation) (aluminum oxide
  • prepn. of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for removal of dissolved gases)
  • Synthetic fibers Role
  • Fibers Role
  • unclassified)
  • Gases (dissolved
  • PNU (Preparation
  • NUU (Other use

Cite this

Plucinski, P., & Darragh, B. (2005). Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases. Paper presented at World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, UK United Kingdom.

Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases. / Plucinski, P; Darragh, B.

2005. Paper presented at World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, UK United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Plucinski, P & Darragh, B 2005, 'Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases' Paper presented at World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, UK United Kingdom, 10/07/05 - 14/07/05, .
Plucinski P, Darragh B. Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases. 2005. Paper presented at World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, UK United Kingdom.
Plucinski, P ; Darragh, B. / Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases. Paper presented at World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, UK United Kingdom.
@conference{fc5a205d182c4a319881b39b2000ca2d,
title = "Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases",
abstract = "Alumina hollow fibers were prepd. by a combined phase inversion and sintering method. A polymer/solvent [poly(ether-sulfone)/1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone] system filled with alumina powder is extruded into a nonsolvent bath to form the fibers which are then dried and sintered at high temp. to give alumina fibers. The fibers were characterized using a combined dry and wet gas permeation method and using SEM. Fibers were coated using simple dip coating techniques to study the effects on minimizing defects and max. pore size. More complex techniques have not been used, as there is no need to reduce median pore size given the intended application. Finally fibers were constructed into a module for parallel flow phase contacting. Mass transfer studies were carried out on removal of dissolved O from H2O, Ar was used as a stripping gas. Varied liq. flow, tube side pressure and gas flow were studied. The results were compared with predictions based on known mass transfer correlations for hollow fiber contactors. Mass transfer was strongly limited by diffusion through the liq. filled membrane. By increasing tube side pressure the liq./gas interface could be driven back across the fiber wall resulting in effectively 2 mass transfer layers, one liq. filled layer, and one gas filled layer. Mass transfer is far faster in the gas filled layer so overall mass transfer is improved as the liq. filled layer is reduced. [on SciFinder (R)]",
keywords = "alumina hollow fiber dissolved gas removal contactor, Contacting apparatus (prepn. of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for removal of dissolved gases), USES (Uses), PREP (Preparation) (hollow, PREP (Preparation) (aluminum oxide, prepn. of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for removal of dissolved gases), Synthetic fibers Role, Fibers Role, unclassified), Gases (dissolved, PNU (Preparation, NUU (Other use",
author = "P Plucinski and B Darragh",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
note = "World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th ; Conference date: 10-07-2005 Through 14-07-2005",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Preparation of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for the removal of dissolved gases

AU - Plucinski, P

AU - Darragh, B

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Alumina hollow fibers were prepd. by a combined phase inversion and sintering method. A polymer/solvent [poly(ether-sulfone)/1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone] system filled with alumina powder is extruded into a nonsolvent bath to form the fibers which are then dried and sintered at high temp. to give alumina fibers. The fibers were characterized using a combined dry and wet gas permeation method and using SEM. Fibers were coated using simple dip coating techniques to study the effects on minimizing defects and max. pore size. More complex techniques have not been used, as there is no need to reduce median pore size given the intended application. Finally fibers were constructed into a module for parallel flow phase contacting. Mass transfer studies were carried out on removal of dissolved O from H2O, Ar was used as a stripping gas. Varied liq. flow, tube side pressure and gas flow were studied. The results were compared with predictions based on known mass transfer correlations for hollow fiber contactors. Mass transfer was strongly limited by diffusion through the liq. filled membrane. By increasing tube side pressure the liq./gas interface could be driven back across the fiber wall resulting in effectively 2 mass transfer layers, one liq. filled layer, and one gas filled layer. Mass transfer is far faster in the gas filled layer so overall mass transfer is improved as the liq. filled layer is reduced. [on SciFinder (R)]

AB - Alumina hollow fibers were prepd. by a combined phase inversion and sintering method. A polymer/solvent [poly(ether-sulfone)/1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone] system filled with alumina powder is extruded into a nonsolvent bath to form the fibers which are then dried and sintered at high temp. to give alumina fibers. The fibers were characterized using a combined dry and wet gas permeation method and using SEM. Fibers were coated using simple dip coating techniques to study the effects on minimizing defects and max. pore size. More complex techniques have not been used, as there is no need to reduce median pore size given the intended application. Finally fibers were constructed into a module for parallel flow phase contacting. Mass transfer studies were carried out on removal of dissolved O from H2O, Ar was used as a stripping gas. Varied liq. flow, tube side pressure and gas flow were studied. The results were compared with predictions based on known mass transfer correlations for hollow fiber contactors. Mass transfer was strongly limited by diffusion through the liq. filled membrane. By increasing tube side pressure the liq./gas interface could be driven back across the fiber wall resulting in effectively 2 mass transfer layers, one liq. filled layer, and one gas filled layer. Mass transfer is far faster in the gas filled layer so overall mass transfer is improved as the liq. filled layer is reduced. [on SciFinder (R)]

KW - alumina hollow fiber dissolved gas removal contactor

KW - Contacting apparatus (prepn. of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for removal of dissolved gases)

KW - USES (Uses)

KW - PREP (Preparation) (hollow

KW - PREP (Preparation) (aluminum oxide

KW - prepn. of alumina hollow fibers and their use as phase contactors for removal of dissolved gases)

KW - Synthetic fibers Role

KW - Fibers Role

KW - unclassified)

KW - Gases (dissolved

KW - PNU (Preparation

KW - NUU (Other use

M3 - Paper

ER -