Preferences for explanation generality develop early in biology but not physics

Angie M. Johnston, Mark Sheskin, Samuel G. B. Johnson, Frank C. Keil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
86 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

One of the core functions of explanation is to support prediction and generalization. However, some explanations license a broader range of predictions than others. For instance, an explanation about biology could be presented as applying to a specific case (e.g., “this bear”) or more generally across “all animals.” The current study investigated how 5- to 7-year-olds (N=36), 11- to 13-year-olds (N=34), and adults (N=79) evaluate explanations at varying levels of generality in biology and physics. Findings revealed that even the youngest children preferred general explanations in biology. However, only older children and adults preferred explanation generality in physics. Findings are discussed in light of differences in our intuitions about biological and physical principles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1110-1119
Number of pages10
JournalChild Development
Volume89
Issue number4
Early online date16 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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