Prediction of fluid inertance in nonuniform passageways

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The dynamic response, stability and noise characteristics of fluid components and systems can be strongly influenced by the inertance of the fluid in passageways, which are often of complex geometry. The inertance is a parameter that has often proved to be very difficult to quantify accurately, either theoretically or experimentally. This paper presents a method of numerical calculation of the inertance in a passageway, assuming inviscid, incompressible flow and zero mean flow. The method is simple to apply and can be applied to geometries of arbitrary complexity. Two simple but unorthodox ways of calculating inertance using a Computational Fluid Dynamics and a finite element solid modeling package are also demonstrated. Results are presented for a simple cylindrical orifice, a simple spool valve and a conical poppet valve. The effect of the inertance on the response of a poppet valve is demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-275
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering: Transactions of the ASME
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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