Prediction of flows in enclosed rotor-stator cavities

Nicola Bailey, Mike Owen, Isaac F. Mear, Hui Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (SciVal)


A robust and fully predictive mathematical representation has been derived to predict the swirl ratio, pressure, and torque in enclosed rotor-stator cavities. For the flow regime of interest, turbulent boundary layers form on the rotor and stator, between which there is an inviscid fluid core. Utilising the momentum-integral equations with suitable assumptions and the continuity of mass quation, governing equations are derived for the flow behaviour, with the assumption that the swirl ratio is dependent on the radius. Predictive initial conditions are formulated and a robust, computationally inexpensive numerical technique is implemented and predictions are shown to be in reasonable agreement with existing experimental data. The swirl ratio was proven to be highly dependent on the radius, with the distribution modified by the shroud and hub conditions. Additionally, the effects of two geometrical parameters were studied, namely the gap ratio and non-dimensional inner radius. As the gap ratio increases from 0:05 to 0:5, the swirl ratio at the outer radius decreases from 0:56 to 0:35, leading to an increase of torque coefficient from 0:38 to 0:44. The swirl ratios for different inner radii differ at the inner part of the cavity whilst converging to a single value at the outer radius. The presented model can easily be integrated in the design code for gas turbine engines, contributing to the design of more efficient engines.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105115
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number10
Early online date10 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2022


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