Power-to-hydrogen and hydrogen-to-X: Which markets? Which economic potential? Answers from the literature

Martin Robinius, Lara Welder, D. Severin Ryberg, Christine Mansilla, Paul Lucchese, Olfa Tlili, Alain Le Duigou, Jesus Simon, Mihai Balan, Robert R. Dickinson, Francesco Dolci, Eveline Weidner, Rupert Gammon, Noah Daniel Meeks, Andre Prates Pereira , Sheila Samsatli, Solene Valentin

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding

13 Citations (SciVal)
279 Downloads (Pure)


With the expansion of renewable energy's contribution to the energy mix, balancing the electricity grid is becoming increasingly challenging. Alongside other solutions, Power-to-Hydrogen concepts are gaining significant interest. In this paper, the 'Task 38', initiated by the Hydrogen Implementing Agreement of the International Energy Agency, presents the first of a two-step literature review regarding Power-to-Hydrogen and Hydrogen-to-X concepts with a focus on prospective market and economic potential. The study reveals a large scope of literature that shows a considerable variety of suggested implementation schemes. The transportation sector is identified as the most promising consumer market. Hydrogen-to-Gas pathways will require subsidies in order to be profitable. Hydrogen-to-Power becomes an economically promising option in the context of systems with high shares of renewables and a need for longer-term storages. Additionally, key enablers for Power-to-Hydrogen concepts are identified; namely support policies, concurrently with ongoing progress on the development and implementation of industry standard.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication14th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), 2017
Subtitle of host publication6-9 June 2017, Dresden, Germany
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509054992
ISBN (Print) 978-1-5090-5499-2
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2017
Event14th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2017 - Dresden, Germany
Duration: 6 Jun 20179 Jun 2017


Conference14th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2017
Abbreviated titleEEM 2017


  • Hydrogen in the Economy
  • Hydrogen-to-X
  • Power-to-Gas
  • Power-to-Hydrogen
  • Renewable Energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Marketing
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology


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