Power-to-gas management using robust optimisation in integrated energy systems

Chenghong Gu, Can Tang, Yue Xiang, Da Xie

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37 Citations (SciVal)
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A large volume of wind power is curtailed worldwide due to the intermittency and limited transportation capacity of electrical power systems. New technologies, Power-to-Gas via electrolysis, can convert excessive wind power into hydrogen to be transported by natural gas systems. However, the injection of H2 into natural gas pipelines can cause gas quality issues due to changing gas compositions. This paper investigates the impact of injecting H2 converted from wind power on natural gas quality. Two key indexes used to measure gas quality, Wobbe Index and Combustion Potential, are introduced to examine the impact. Then, in order to bring the two indexes into acceptable statutory ranges, H2 is mixed with Liquid Petroleum Gas and Nitrogen. A robust optimization model, considering wind power uncertainties, is thereafter developed to manage the gas mixture, maximize H2 injection. This paper uses the dynamic gas system model to represent real-time pipeline flows, which can better reflect gas flow features over time. The proposed method is demonstrated on a small integrated gas-electricity system. Results illustrate that excessive H2 injection will reduce Wobbe Index but increase Combustion Potential. The robust optimization approach can effectively manage the mixture while ensuring gas quality with an uncertain wind power supply. The proposed method is beneficial to reducing renewable energy curtailment and maximizing H2 injection, benefiting electricity system operators with low operation costs and wind power more penetration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-689
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date12 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019


  • Combustion Potential
  • Hydrogen (H)
  • Integrated-energy system
  • Robust optimisation
  • Wind power
  • Wobbe Index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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