Although Pakistan's higher education sector has seen seismic reforms since 9/11, little is known about the impact of those reforms on day-today instruction at Pakistani universities. Based on fieldwork at three institutions, this article examines the impact of these reforms on the teaching of international relations. This study makes several points. First, faculty who receive advanced degrees abroad and return to Pakistan have introduced a culture of innovation at Pakistani universities, but the changes have been too abrupt. Second, students express clear preference for their instruction to be in English. Third, students have limited appetites for instruction in their first language. Fourth, the staff and students at one of the military institutions examined displayed a moderate, often liberal view. Finally, universities still lag behind in catering to the learning needs of a diverse student body.
- Intercultural learning
- Language of instruction
- Learning methods
- Western-centric curriculum
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Political Science and International Relations