Porous and Water Stable 2D Hybrid Metal Halide with Broad Light Emission and Selective H2O Vapor Sorption

Ali Azmy, Shunran Li, Giasemi K. Angeli, Claire Welton, Parth Raval, Min Li, Nourdine Zibouche, Lukasz Wojtas, G. N.Manjunatha Reddy, Peijun Guo, Pantelis N. Trikalitis, Ioannis Spanopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)


In this work we report a strategy for generating porosity in hybrid metal halide materials using molecular cages that serve as both structure-directing agents and counter-cations. Reaction of the [2.2.2] cryptand (DHS) linker with PbII in acidic media gave rise to the first porous and water-stable 2D metal halide semiconductor (DHS)2Pb5Br14. The corresponding material is stable in water for a year, while gas and vapor-sorption studies revealed that it can selectively and reversibly adsorb H2O and D2O at room temperature (RT). Solid-state NMR measurements and DFT calculations verified the incorporation of H2O and D2O in the organic linker cavities and shed light on their molecular configuration. In addition to porosity, the material exhibits broad light emission centered at 617 nm with a full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 284 nm (0.96 eV). The recorded water stability is unparalleled for hybrid metal halide and perovskite materials, while the generation of porosity opens new pathways towards unexplored applications (e.g. solid-state batteries) for this class of hybrid semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202218429
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number12
Early online date10 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was primarily supported by USF startup funds. Use of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE‐AC02‐06CH11357. Work at Yale University is supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (Grant No. FA9550‐22‐1‐0209). G NMR acknowledges the financial support from the EU‐H2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska‐Curie Grant 795091. SS NMR experiments were carried out at French large‐scale analytical facilities supported by IR INFRANALYTICS FR2040. This work used the Isambard 2 UK National Tier‐2 HPC Service operated by GW4 and the UK Met Office, and funded by EPSRC (EP/T022078/1).

Data Availability Statement
The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.


  • Broad Light Emission
  • Gas Separation
  • Microporous Materials
  • Semiconductors
  • Water Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)


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