Polyacrylonitrile-derived nanostructured carbon materials

Maciej Kopeć, Melissa Lamson, Rui Yuan, Chuanbing Tang, Michał Kruk, Mingjiang Zhong, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Tomasz Kowalewski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An overview on polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-derived carbon nanomaterials is presented. Controlled synthesis of well-defined PAN by reversible deactivation radical polymerization (RDRP) techniques is discussed as a route to tailored carbon precursors of various architectures, such as block copolymers (BCPs) and organic-inorganic hybrids. Primary examples of different approaches to templating include the use of PAN-containing BCPs self-assembled on planar surfaces or in solution to yield: (i) bulk carbon films, (ii) discrete nano-objects and (iii) mesoporous copolymer-templated nanocarbons (CTNCs). Inorganic templates or electrospinning as a viable approach to ordered mesoporous carbons or carbon nanofibers are also discussed. Special attention is devoted to nitrogen doping in PAN-derived partially graphitic carbons and to the evaluation of nitrogen-enriched nanocarbons in energy conversion and storage applications such as supercapacitors, lithium-sulfur batteries, electrocatalysts, solar cells or CO 2 sorbents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-134
Number of pages46
JournalProgress in Polymer Science
Volume92
Early online date16 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Block copolymers
  • Controlled radical polymerization
  • Nitrogen-doped nanocarbons
  • Polyacrylonitrile
  • Templated synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Kopeć, M., Lamson, M., Yuan, R., Tang, C., Kruk, M., Zhong, M., Matyjaszewski, K., & Kowalewski, T. (2019). Polyacrylonitrile-derived nanostructured carbon materials. Progress in Polymer Science, 92, 89-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2019.02.003