Piloting a digitally-mediated social story intervention for autistic children led by teachers within naturalistic school settings

Elizabeth Smith, P. Toms, Aurora Constantin, Hilary Johnson, Elissa Harding, Mark Brosnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
106 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Social stories (SS) are widely used within the autism community. However, research into their effectiveness is mixed at best and mainly relies on single case study designs. Additional support from the researcher is also often provided, raising questions as to the use and effectiveness of SS within usual school settings.

Method
Seventeen school teachers developed and delivered personalised digitally-mediated SS with 22 autistic children (aged 5-11yrs) over a 4-week intervention period. Data was collected during a baseline period (1 week), throughout the 4-week intervention phase and at 6-week follow-up to consider changes in child behaviour, understanding and anxiety. A new assessment framework to evaluation treatment fidelity according to Gray’s 10 Criteria was also developed.

Results
With the support of a new SS app teachers were able to carry out SS interventions with a high degree of fidelity within their usual school settings. Behavioural data showed significant improvements from baseline to week 4 for all measures relating to the goals of the intervention (including a reduction in anxiety and an increase in understanding), some of which were still present at follow-up.

Conclusion
This study has demonstrated that technology can be used to support teachers to develop and deliver SS interventions to autistic children within school settings. Such technology can now be used to facilitate much needed future, larger, controlled studies within this area. Implications for practice are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101533
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume75
Early online date18 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

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