Pilgrimage and Visual Genre: The Architecture of Twentieth-Century Roman Catholic Pilgrimage in Scotland

Robert Proctor, Ambrose Gillick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As Roman Catholics gained confidence in twentieth-century Scotland, they revived pre-Reformation shrines and pilgrimages and created new shrines with transnational connections to the modern Catholic world. Three sites in this campaign were Carfin, a new pilgrimage center based on Lourdes; Whithorn, site of medieval pilgrimages to Saint Ninian; and Dunfermline, associated with the canonized Queen Margaret of Scotland. Each had different meanings for Scottish Catholicism. The landscapes of these shrines included proposed new buildings, completed buildings, including shrines and churches, and existing features, notably caves or grottoes and medieval ruins. Whether found, professionally designed, or made by the clergy and their congregations, these sites framed and ordered pilgrimage rituals and lent them meaning. Seeing common architectural, visual features across these pilgrimages, and drawing on new archival research, we suggest that the employment of recognizable visual genres was a key way of creating a consensus amongst the faithful. International symbols of saintly presence were remade for the local context, with intertwined religious and political intentions, giving tangible expression to a revived Catholicism in Scotland, and promoting a new vision of Scotland as a Catholic nation.
LanguageEnglish
JournalMaterial Religion: The Journal of Objects, Art and Belief
Early online date17 Jul 2019
DOIs
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Jul 2019

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Scotland
Pilgrimage
Shrines
Medieval Period
Catholicism
Religion
Clergy
Intentions
Lourdes
Dunfermline
Ruin
Archival Research
Symbol
Remake
Reformation
Confidence
Congregations

Cite this

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