The increase in global energy demand, together with a rise in carbon dioxide (CO2) levels have encouraged research into the reduction of CO2 into useful chemicals and fuels. In this paper, we demonstrate the piezo-catalytic reduction of CO2 using lead-free lithium-doped potassium sodium niobate (KNN) ferroelectric ceramic particulates. The application of acoustic waves generated by ultrasound to a suspension of the ceramics particles creates pressure waves result in a large change in the spontaneous polarisation of the KNN particles via the piezoelectric effect, which in turn creates surfaces charges for CO2 reduction. The effect of CO2 gas concentration, the presence of dissolved species, and catalyst loading on piezo-catalytic performance are explored. By optimization of the piezo-catalytic effect, a promising piezo-catalytic CO2 reduction rate of 438 μmol g−1 h−1 is achieved, which is much larger than the those obtained from pyro-catalytic effects. This efficient and polarisation tuneable piezo-catalytic route has potential to promote the development of CO2 reduction via the utilisation of vibrational energy for environmental benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107032
JournalNano Energy
Early online date9 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development ( NAFOSTED ) under grant number 104.05-2019.344 , the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ( EPSRC ), UK, under grant number EP/N509589/1 .


  • CO reduction
  • Energy harvesting
  • Ferroelectric
  • Piezo-catalysis
  • Piezoelectric
  • Potassium sodium niobate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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