As a clean energy, wind power has been extensively exploited in the past few years. However, oscillations in wind turbines, particularly those from controllers, could severely affect the stability of power systems. Therefore, oscillation suppression is a recent research focus. Based on the small-signal model eigenvalues and participation factors, this paper detects the sub-synchronous interactions (SSI) mainly determined by converters' PI parameters in a grid-connected doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). With the aim of oscillation restraint, a novel optimization model with the reference-point based non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-III) and the t-distributed stochastic neighbour embedding (t-SNE) is developed to explore and visualize optimal ranges of PI parameters, facilitating the selection of the appropriate PI parameters to augment the damping. Additionally, to study the adaptability of the optimal PI parameters, interactions performance of the system that uses optimal parameters is studied with different output levels of the wind turbine. Finally, a time domain simulation and a practical experiment are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Results illustrate that the SSI of a grid-connected DFIG is suppressed by the optimization model. This study is highly beneficial to power system operators in integrating wind power and maintaining system stability.
- optimization methods
- power system stability
- wind power generation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering