Physical activity and body image among men and boys: A meta-analysis

Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Desmond McEwan, Aria Kamarhie

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68 Citations (SciVal)
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Three meta-analytic reviews have concluded that physical activity is positively related to body image. Historically, research regarding physical activity and body image has been disproportionately focused on female samples. For example, the most recent meta-analysis (2009) extracted 56 effect sizes for women and only 12 for men. The current paper provides an update to the literature regarding the relationship between physical activity and body image among men and boys across 84 individual effect sizes. The analysis also provides insight regarding moderator variables including participant age, and physical activity type and intensity. Overall, physical activity was positively related to body image among men and boys with various moderator variables warranting further investigation. Pragmatic implications are discussed as well as the limitations within existing research and need for additional research to further understand moderator and mediator variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-128
Number of pages15
JournalBody Image
Early online date27 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017


  • Body image
  • Exercise
  • Males
  • Meta-analysis
  • Physical activity
  • Quantitative synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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