Photovoltage detection of spin excitation of ferromagnetic stripe and disk at low temperature

Najla Almulhem, Maksym Stebliy, Jean-Claude Portal, Alexander Samardak, Harvey Beere, David Ritchie, Alain Nogaret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Photovoltage spectroscopy is a beneficial technique to investigate the dynamic properties of the spin excitations of ferromagnetic elements fabricated at the surface of a GaAs/Al0.33Ga0.67As heterojunction. This method is of particular interest for probing localized spin wave modes. The high sensitivity of the photovoltage technique arises from the high electron mobility of 2D electrons μ = 1.5 × 106 cm2 centerdot V−1 centerdot S−1 which enables efficient rectification of magnetic moment oscillations through the Hall effect. We report on the discrete structure of spin wave eigenmodes as a function of magnetic field orientation, the shape of Co ferromagnets, and the geometry of nanomagnets. We indicated bonding–antibonding spin waves when the static magnetic field, ${B}_{a},$ is parallel to the short side of the stripe at different microwave frequencies at 4 K. We also observed Damon–Eshbach modes when ${B}_{a}$ is parallel to the stripe. Micromagnetic simulations confirm the experimental results. We observe the discrete structure of the photovoltage for individual dots. We also investigate the effect of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy field of Co on ferromagnetic resonance. Our results demonstrate that photovoltage measurements in hybrid semiconductor-ferromagnetic structures provide a sensitive and extended tool for probing the spin waves of small magnets with a size of 80 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberSEED02
JournalIEEE Magnetic Letters
Early online date30 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2020


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