Photochemical-mediated solid-state [2+2]-cycloaddition reactions of an unsymmetrical dibenzylidene acetone (monothiophos-dba)

A.G. Jarvis, H.A. Sparkes, S.E. Tallentire, L.E. Hatcher, M.R. Warren, P.R. Raithby, D.R. Allan, A.C. Whitwood, M.C.R. Cockett, S.B. Duckett, J.L. Clark, I.J.S. Fairlamb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel unsymmetrical dibenzylidene acetone (monothiophos-dba, compound 3), containing two chemically different alkene moieties, undergoes a selective photochemically-induced [2+2] cycloaddition solid-state transformation (single crystal and powder), as shown by X-ray diffraction methods. In the single crystal the rate constant for the cycloaddition reaction was determined {k = (2.3 ± 0.1) × 10 s}, with a 69% conversion attained, which compares well with a two-photon irradiation experiment using a Nd:YAG laser pumped dye laser at 605 nm radiation (66% conversion). Full conversion was attained using powdered 3 after 43 h. A similar conversion was noted between the single crystal and powder forms (59% and 66% conversion after 5 h irradiation). Irradiation of monothiophos-dba in solution using a 325 nm laser, and monitoring by H NMR spectroscopy, showed that no cycloaddition occurred, but exclusive photochemically-induced trans → cis isomerisation of the alkene bond connecting the unsubstituted aryl group (cis → trans isomerisation in these electron-deficient and polarised CC bonds occurs rapidly by thermal equilibration).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5564-5571
Number of pages8
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume14
Issue number17
Early online date13 Jun 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2012

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