Pyroelectric materials are of interest for waste heat utilization and thermal detection. However, the low output current and inefficiency reduces their effectiveness. Here, we utilize the abrupt decrease in polarization of ferroelectric BaTiO3 materials around Curie temperature to improve the output performance of a pyroelectric nanogenerator. The variation of the polarization leads to a large change in the density of surface free charges, resulting in an increase of pyroelectric current. We have designed a temperature control and recording system to realize direct measurement of the pyroelectric output current. The pyroelectric current, power and energy conversion efficiency of the device near the Curie temperature were measured to be 15.6-fold, 18-fold and 15.8-fold higher than those acquired near room temperature. Moreover, the temperature induced current and charge density enhancement can be applied to detect temperature and temperature change. The responsivity of the self-powered temperature sensor near Tc is 120 nC/cm2∙K, which 4.8 times higher than that near room temperature (25.1 nC/cm2∙K). The results confirmed the ability to exploit a ferroelectric phase transition for pyroelectric performance enhancement.
- Phase transition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering