The present study was performed to investigate the early signalling events responsible for eosinophil activation in response to platelet- activating factor (PAF), C5a, and leukotriene B4 (LTB4). We evaluated the effect of pertussis toxin (PTX) on eosinophil aggregation in vitro and cutaneous eosinophil recruitment in vivo. Further studies using the protein kinase inhibitors Ro 31-8220 and staurosporine were performed in vitro to assess in more detail the early signalling events induced by these three mediators. Our results show that C5a and LTB4 signal predominantly or exclusively through a PTX-sensitive G protein that is negatively modulated by protein kinase C, possibly at the level of phospholipase C-β. In contrast, PAF activates eosinophils independent of Gi by a mechanism that is abolished by Ro 31-8220, a selective protein kinase C inhibitor. In addition, these results show for the first time that a receptor-operated event on the eosinophil is essential for chemoattractant-induced eosinophil recruitment in vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology