Permeability reduction of porous media on transport of emulsions through them

J. A M H Hofman, H. N. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Permeability reductions, effected in a porous medium consisting of 40-60 μm glass spheres by passage of emulsions, are reported for Na oleate-stabilized emulsions at different electrolyte concentrations, and for an emulsion containeing, Aerosol OT (Na dioctyl sulphosuccinate; AOT) at low electrolyte concentration. All emulsions show a pronounced permeability reduction, but for Na oleate-stabilized emulsions, in the absence of added electrolyte, substantial amounts of disperse phase have to be passed through in order to reduce the permeability to about 35% of its initial value. Addition of electrolyte above the critical coagulation concentration (CCC) leads to more rapid permeability reduction. AOT-stabilized emulsions, even in the absence of added electrolyte, reduce the permeability of the porous medium in a way comparable to that found for Na oleate-stabilized emulsions with [NaCl] > CCC. This is ascribed to coagulation of the AOT-containing emulsion even in the absence of added electrolyte. This coagulation is indeed observed on passing the AOT-stabilized emulsions through the porous medium. The reduced stability of the AOT-stabilized emulsion can be accounted for by the low interfacial tension in lhis emulsion, permitting emulsion destabilization through droplet deformation. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-329
Number of pages13
JournalColloids and Surfaces
Volume61
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 1991

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Emulsions
Porous materials
Electrolytes
Coagulation
Aerosols
Surface tension
Glass

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Permeability reduction of porous media on transport of emulsions through them. / Hofman, J. A M H; Stein, H. N.

In: Colloids and Surfaces, Vol. 61, No. C, 12.12.1991, p. 317-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Permeability reductions, effected in a porous medium consisting of 40-60 μm glass spheres by passage of emulsions, are reported for Na oleate-stabilized emulsions at different electrolyte concentrations, and for an emulsion containeing, Aerosol OT (Na dioctyl sulphosuccinate; AOT) at low electrolyte concentration. All emulsions show a pronounced permeability reduction, but for Na oleate-stabilized emulsions, in the absence of added electrolyte, substantial amounts of disperse phase have to be passed through in order to reduce the permeability to about 35% of its initial value. Addition of electrolyte above the critical coagulation concentration (CCC) leads to more rapid permeability reduction. AOT-stabilized emulsions, even in the absence of added electrolyte, reduce the permeability of the porous medium in a way comparable to that found for Na oleate-stabilized emulsions with [NaCl] > CCC. This is ascribed to coagulation of the AOT-containing emulsion even in the absence of added electrolyte. This coagulation is indeed observed on passing the AOT-stabilized emulsions through the porous medium. The reduced stability of the AOT-stabilized emulsion can be accounted for by the low interfacial tension in lhis emulsion, permitting emulsion destabilization through droplet deformation. 

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