Permanent water swelling effect in low temperature thermally reduced graphene oxide

S. Papamatthaiou, D. P. Argyropoulos, A. Masurkar, M. R. Cavallari, F. Farmakis, I. Kymissis, N. Georgoulas

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We demonstrate permanent water trapping in reduced graphene oxide after high relative humidity exposure. For this purpose, we grew graphene oxide films via spin-coating on glass substrates followed by thermal reduction. The electrical resistance of the planar device was then measured. We observed that resistance is significantly increased after water vapor exposure and remains stable even after 250 days in ambient conditions. Various techniques were applied to desorb the water and decrease (recover) the material's resistance, but it was achieved only with low temperature thermal annealing (180 °C) under forming gas (H2/N2 mixture). The permanent effect of water absorption was also detected by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number252106
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number25
Early online date19 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • humidity
  • reduced graphene oxide
  • adsorption
  • swelling
  • permanent
  • water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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