Numerical and experimental investigations of nonlinear bistable energy harvesters (BEHs) with asymmetric potential functions are presented under various excitations for performance enhancement. Basin of attraction under harmonic excitation indicates that asymmetric potentials in BEHs have a negative effect on the power output. Therefore, a proper bias angle is introduced to the asymmetric potential BEHs for performance enhancement. Numerical and experimental results show that the power output is actually improved in a certain bias angle range under harmonic and random excitations. Furthermore, experiments under human motion excitation demonstrate that the asymmetric potential BEHs could perfectly combine with the asymmetric motion of lower-limb to improve the performance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)