Performance Analysis of Resistive Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Using LN2 and GHe Cooling

R. Oliveira, X. Pei, E. Nilsson, J. Rouquette, J. Rivenc, L. Ybanez, X. Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)
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Large-scale electric aircraft is a disruptive technology to address the environmental impact of air travel. Fault current limitation is crucial to realise the safety and reliability of the electric aircraft, in particular for large-scale electric aircraft using DC distribution network. This paper investigates the behavior of the resistive SFCL under different cryogenic cooling systems including liquid nitrogen and helium gas circulation cooling systems for the electric aircraft DC distribution network. Electromagnetic and thermoelectric models were used to predict the characteristics of resistive SFCL. The simulation results demonstrate that it is promising to design resistive SFCL using liquid nitrogen cooling as well as helium gas circulation cooling systems, which offer flexibility for SFCL cryogenic cooling system for electric aircraft applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5600306
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number5
Early online date18 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the U.K. Aerospace Technology Institute Under Contract 103136 - zero emissions for sustainable transport 1 (ZEST 1).


  • Atmospheric modeling
  • Coolants
  • Cryogenics
  • Electric aircraft
  • High-temperature superconductors
  • Mathematical models
  • Resistive superconducting fault current limiters
  • Superconducting films
  • Superconducting magnets
  • Thickness measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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