Peano-Hydraulically Amplified Self-Healing Electrostatic Actuators Based on a Novel Bilayer Polymer Shell for Enhanced Strain, Load, and Rotary Motion

Ye Tian, Junjie Liu, Wenjie Wu, Xianrong Liang, Min Pan, Chris Bowen, Yong Jiang, Jingyao Sun, Tony McNally, Daming Wu, Yao Huang, Chaoying Wan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The hydraulically amplified self-healing electrostatic actuator is an emerging driving component for soft robotics, which is composed of a flexible dielectric polymer shell that is partially covered by conductive electrodes and filled with a liquid dielectric. However, the low permittivity and dielectric strength of the polymer shell remain a challenge that limits the actuator performance. Herein, a Peano-hydraulically amplified self-healing electrostatic actuator is constructed by innovatively integrating a bilayer polymer shell for combined favorable properties of high dielectric strength, dielectric permittivity, and elastic modulus. Compared with a traditional single-layer shell actuator, the new bilayer actuator architecture generates an increased strain (164%) at 5 kV and improves load-bearing capability (620 mN) at 6 kV, thereby providing a significantly enhanced actuation performance. The new actuator is further applied in driving a ratchet system, which converts the reciprocating motion of the actuator into a rotating motion and a flexible output torque, in order to protect the rotating components from impact. The high strain and load characteristics of the bilayer configuration and the easy-to-deform characteristics of the new actuator design make it an attractive approach to fabricate complex geometries and achieve a variety of motion modes in soft systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2100239
JournalAdvanced Intelligent Systems
Volume4
Issue number5
Early online date20 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

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