Peak power output, the lactate threshold, and time trial performance in cyclists

D J Bentley, L R McNaughton, D Thompson, V E Vleck, A M Batterham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the relationship between maximum workload (W-peak), the workload at the onset of blood lactate accumulation (W-OBLA), the lactate threshold (W-LTlog) and the D-max lactate threshold, and the average power output obtained during a 90-min (W90-min) and a 20-min (W20-min) time trial (TT) in a group of well-trained cyclists. Methods: Nine male cyclists ((V)over dotO(2max) 62.7 +/- 0.8 mL.kg-1.min(-1)) who were competing regularly in triathlon or cycle TT were recruited for the study. Each cyclist performed four tests on an SRM isokinetic cycle ergometer over a 2-wk period. The tests comprised 1) a continuous incremental ramp test for determination of maximal oxygen uptake ((V)over dO(2max)) (L.min(-1) and mL.kg-1.min(-1)); 2) a continuous incremental lactate test to measure w(peak), W-OBLA, W-LTlog and the D-max lactate threshold; and 3) a 20-min TT and 4) a 90-min TT, both to determine the average power output (in watts). Results: The average power output during the 90-min TT (W90-min) was significantly (P < 0.01) correlated with W-peak (r = 0.91), WLTlog (r = 0.91), and the D-max lactate threshold (r = 0.77, P < 0.05). In contrast, W20-min was significantly (P < 0.05) related to (V)over dotO(2max) (L.min(-1)) (r = 0.69) and W-LTlog (r = 0.67). The D-max lactate threshold was not significantly correlated to W20-min (r = 0.45). Furthermore, W-OBLA was not correlated to W90-min (r = 0.54) or W20-min (r = 0.23). In addition, (V)over dotO(2max) (mL.kg(-1).min(-1)) was not significantly related to W90-min (r = 0.11) or W20-min (r = 0.47). Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that in subelite cyclists the relationship between maximum power output and the power output at the lactate threshold, obtained during an incremental exercise test, may change depending on the length of the Tr that is completed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077-2081
Number of pages5
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume33
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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    Bentley, D. J., McNaughton, L. R., Thompson, D., Vleck, V. E., & Batterham, A. M. (2001). Peak power output, the lactate threshold, and time trial performance in cyclists. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(12), 2077-2081.