Parenting an adolescent with chronic pain: An investigation of how a taxonomy of adolescent functioning relates to parent distress

L L Cohen, K E Vowles, Christopher Eccleston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Cluster analyses allow health professionals to classify adolescents with chronic pain into subgroups, which might allow efficient tailoring of treatment. Given the nature of family relationships when a child has chronic pain, we aimed to evaluate whether an adolescent-disability-derived cluster formula would appropriately classify their parents via parenting stress, anxiety, and depression.

Methods: A patient-report data-derived cluster formula sorted 204 parents of adolescents with chronic pain into 4 groups. Parents completed measures of distress, anxiety, and depression.

Results: The 4-group solution generally sorted parents accurately, with parents of the least disabled adolescents functioning well and parents of the most disabled adolescents reporting clinically significant levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. Conclusions Findings suggest the patient-derived 4-group cluster solution might be an efficient method of distinguishing subgroups of parents with varying levels of stress, anxiety, and depression, which can be used to guide family-oriented treatment efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)748-757
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2010

Keywords

  • parents
  • chronic and recurrent pain
  • parenting stress
  • adolescents

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