Microbial arene oxidation of benzoic acid with Ralstonia eutropha B9 provides a chiral highly functionalized cyclohexadiene, suitable for further structural diversification. Subjecting this scaffold to a Pd-catalyzed Heck reaction effects a regio- and stereoselective arylation of the cyclohexadiene ring, with 1,3-chirality transfer of stereogenic information installed in the microbial arene oxidation. Quantum chemical calculations explain the selectivity both by a kinetic preference for the observed arylation position and by reversible carbopalladation in competing positions. Further product transformation allowed the formation of a tricyclic ketone possessing four stereogenic centers. This demonstrates the capability of the method to introduce stereochemical complexity from planar nonchiral benzoic acid in just a few steps.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)