Padrino System (the Philippines)

Pak Nung Wong, Kristinne Lara-De Leon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Encyclopedia of Informality
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 2 (Open Access)
EditorsAlena Ledeneva
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherUCL Press
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781787351912
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2018


  • Padrino system
  • the Philippines
  • informality
  • patronage

Cite this

Wong, P. N., & Lara-De Leon, K. (2018). Padrino System (the Philippines). In A. Ledeneva (Ed.), Global Encyclopedia of Informality : Volume 2 (Open Access) (pp. 380-382). [7.10] London: UCL Press.