Organocalcium-mediated nucleophilic alkylation of benzene

Andrew Wilson, Michael Hill, Mary Mahon, Chira Dinoi, Laurent Maron

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The electrophilic aromatic substitution of a C–H bond of benzene is one of the archetypal transformations of organic chemistry. In contrast, the electron-rich p-system of benzene is highly resistant to reactions with electron-rich and negatively charged organic nucleophiles. Here, we report that this previously insurmountable electronic repulsion may be overcome through the use of sufficiently potent organocalcium nucleophiles. Calcium n-alkyl derivatives—
synthesized by reaction of ethene, but-1-ene, and hex-1-ene with a dimeric calcium hydride— react with protio and deutero benzene at 60°C through nucleophilic substitution of an aromatic C–D/H bond. These reactions produce the n-alkyl benzenes with regeneration of the calcium hydride. Density functional theory calculations implicate an unstabilized Meisenheimer complex in the C–H activation transition state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1168-1171
Number of pages4
Issue number6367
Early online date1 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017


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