Abstract

Biorefineries have been established since 1980s for biofuel production, switching lately from first to second generation feedstocks in order to avoid the food versus fuel dilemma. In a lesser extent, many opportunities have been investigated to produce chemicals from biomass using by-products of present biorefineries, simple waste streams. Current facilities apply intensive pre-treatments to deal with single substrate types such as carbohydrates. However, most organic streams such as municipal solid waste or algal blooms present a high complexity and variable mixture of molecules, which makes difficult specific compound production and separation. Here we focus on flexible anaerobic fermentation and hydrothermal processes that can treat complex biomass as a whole to obtain a range of products within an integrated biorefinery concept.
LanguageEnglish
Pages175-195
JournalFaraday Discussions
Volume202
DOIs
StatusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

biomass
Biomass
Feedstocks
platforms
Eutrophication
Solid Waste
solid wastes
fermentation
Biofuels
Municipal solid waste
carbohydrates
algae
Carbohydrates
food
pretreatment
Fermentation
Byproducts
Food
Molecules
Substrates

Keywords

  • organic waste
  • biorefinery
  • anaerobic digestion
  • renewable feedstocks
  • platform chemicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Biotechnology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Organic waste as a sustainable feedstock for platform chemicals. / Coma, Marta; Martinez-Hernandez, Elias; Abeln, Felix; Raikova, Sofia; Donnelly, Joseph; Arnot, Thomas; Allen, Michael; Hong, Dang Diem; Chuck, Christopher James.

In: Faraday Discussions, Vol. 202, 01.09.2017, p. 175-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coma, M, Martinez-Hernandez, E, Abeln, F, Raikova, S, Donnelly, J, Arnot, T, Allen, M, Hong, DD & Chuck, CJ 2017, 'Organic waste as a sustainable feedstock for platform chemicals' Faraday Discussions, vol. 202, pp. 175-195. DOI: 10.1039/C7FD00070G
Coma M, Martinez-Hernandez E, Abeln F, Raikova S, Donnelly J, Arnot T et al. Organic waste as a sustainable feedstock for platform chemicals. Faraday Discussions. 2017 Sep 1;202:175-195. Available from, DOI: 10.1039/C7FD00070G
Coma, Marta ; Martinez-Hernandez, Elias ; Abeln, Felix ; Raikova, Sofia ; Donnelly, Joseph ; Arnot, Thomas ; Allen, Michael ; Hong, Dang Diem ; Chuck, Christopher James. / Organic waste as a sustainable feedstock for platform chemicals. In: Faraday Discussions. 2017 ; Vol. 202. pp. 175-195
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