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Abstract

Biorefineries have been established since 1980s for biofuel production, switching lately from first to second generation feedstocks in order to avoid the food versus fuel dilemma. In a lesser extent, many opportunities have been investigated to produce chemicals from biomass using by-products of present biorefineries, simple waste streams. Current facilities apply intensive pre-treatments to deal with single substrate types such as carbohydrates. However, most organic streams such as municipal solid waste or algal blooms present a high complexity and variable mixture of molecules, which makes difficult specific compound production and separation. Here we focus on flexible anaerobic fermentation and hydrothermal processes that can treat complex biomass as a whole to obtain a range of products within an integrated biorefinery concept.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-195
JournalFaraday Discussions
Volume202
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

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Keywords

  • organic waste
  • biorefinery
  • anaerobic digestion
  • renewable feedstocks
  • platform chemicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Biotechnology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering

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