Optimization Approaches for Cost and Lifetime Improvements of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicle Powertrains

Aissam Riad Meddour, Nassim Rizoug, Patrick Leserf, Christopher Vagg, Richard Burke, Cherif Larouci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)


With the increasing adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), optimizing lithium-ion battery capacity is critical for overall powertrain performance. Recent studies have optimized battery capacity in isolation without considering interactions with other powertrain components. Furthermore, even when the battery is considered within the full powertrain, most works have only modeled the electrical behavior without examining thermal or ageing dynamics. However, this fails to capture systemic impacts on overall performance. This study takes a holistic approach to investigate the effects of battery capacity optimization on convergence of the full EV powertrain. A battery multiphysics model was developed in MATLAB/Simulink, incorporating experimental data on electrical, thermal, and ageing dynamics and interactions with other components. The model was evaluated using real-world WLTP and Artemis driving cycles to simulate realistic conditions lacking in prior works. The findings reveal significant impacts of battery optimization on total powertrain performance unaccounted for in previous isolated studies. By adopting a system-level perspective and realistic driving cycles, this work provides enhanced understanding of interdependent trade-offs to inform integrated EV design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6535
Issue number18
Early online date11 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

This research received no external funding.
Data Availability Statement
Not applicable.


  • electric motor
  • lithium-ion battery
  • optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimization Approaches for Cost and Lifetime Improvements of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicle Powertrains'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this