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In moving mesh methods, the underlying mesh is dynamically adapted without changing the connectivity of the mesh. We specifically consider the generation of meshes which are adapted to a scalar monitor function through equidistribution. Together with an optimal-transport condition, this leads to a Monge-Amp ere equation for a scalar mesh potential. We adapt an existing finite element scheme for the standard Monge-Amp ere equation to this mesh generation problem; this is a mixed finite element scheme, in which an extra discrete variable is introduced to represent the Hessian matrix of second derivatives. The problem we consider has additional nonlinearities over the basic Monge-Amp ere equation due to the implicit dependence of the monitor function on the resulting mesh. We also derive an equivalent Monge-Amp ere-like equation for generating meshes on the sphere. The finite element scheme is extended to the sphere, and we provide numerical examples. All numerical experiments are performed using the open-source finite element framework Firedrake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A1121-A1148
JournalSIAM Journal on Scientific Computing
Issue number2
Early online date24 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2018


  • Finite element
  • Mesh adaptivity
  • Monge-Amp ere equation
  • Optimal transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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