This paper presents an arrangement of bistable composites combined with piezoelectrics for broadband energy harvesting of ambient vibrations. These non-linear devices have improved power generation over conventional resonant systems and can be designed to occupy smaller volumes than magnetic cantilever systems. This paper presents results based on optimization of bistable composites that enables improved electrical power generation by discovering the optimal configurations for harvesting based on the statics of the device. The optimal device aspect ratio, thickness, stacking sequence, and piezoelectric area are considered. Increased electrical output is found for geometries and piezoelectric configurations, which have not been considered previously.
Betts, D. N., Kim, H. A., Bowen, C. R., & Inman, D. J. (2012). Optimal configurations of bistable piezo-composites for energy harvesting. Applied Physics Letters, 100(11), . https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3693523