Optimal Coherent Filtering for Single Noisy Photons

S. Gao, O. Lazo-Arjona, B. Brecht, K. T. Kaczmarek, S. E. Thomas, J. Nunn, P. M. Ledingham, D. J. Saunders, I. A. Walmsley

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Abstract

We introduce a filter using a noise-free quantum buffer with large optical bandwidth that can both filter temporal-spectral modes as well as interconvert them and change their frequency. We theoretically show that such quantum buffers optimally filter out temporal-spectral noise, producing identical single photons from many distinguishable noisy single-photon sources with the minimum required reduction in brightness. We then experimentally demonstrate a noise-free quantum buffer in a warm atomic system that is well matched to quantum dots. Based on these experiments, simulations show that our buffer can outperform all intensity (incoherent) filtering schemes for increasing indistinguishability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number213604
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume123
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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