Optics in Microstructured and Photonic Crystal Fibers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The development of optical fibers with two-dimensional patterns of air holes running down their length has reinvigorated research in the field of fiber optics. It has greatly - and fundamentally - broadened the range of specialty optical fibers, by demonstrating that optical fibers can be more "special" than previously thought. Fibers with air cores have made it possible to deliver energetic femtosecond-scale optical pulses, transform limited, as solitons, using single-mode fiber. Other fibers with anomalous dispersion at visible wavelengths have spawned a new generation of single-mode optical supercontinuum sources, spanning visible and near-infrared wavelengths and based on compact pump sources. A third example is in the field of fiber lasers, where the use of photonic crystal fiber concepts has led to a new hybrid laser technology, in which the very high numerical aperture available sing air holes have enabled fibers so short they are more naturally held straight than bent. This paper describes some of the basic physics and technology behind these developments, illustrated with some of the impressive demonstrations of the past 18 months.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
EditorsC.M.B. Corderiro, C.J.S. DeMatos
Pages3-5
Number of pages3
Volume1055
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008
Event1st Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications - Sao Pedro, Brazil
Duration: 20 Aug 200822 Aug 2008

Workshop

Workshop1st Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications
CountryBrazil
CitySao Pedro
Period20/08/0822/08/08

Fingerprint

photonics
optics
fibers
optical fibers
crystals
air
numerical aperture
wavelengths
fiber lasers
fiber optics
solitary waves
pumps
physics
pulses
lasers

Cite this

Knight, J. (2008). Optics in Microstructured and Photonic Crystal Fibers. In C. M. B. Corderiro, & C. J. S. DeMatos (Eds.), AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1055, pp. 3-5) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3002538

Optics in Microstructured and Photonic Crystal Fibers. / Knight, Jonathan.

AIP Conference Proceedings. ed. / C.M.B. Corderiro; C.J.S. DeMatos. Vol. 1055 2008. p. 3-5.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Knight, J 2008, Optics in Microstructured and Photonic Crystal Fibers. in CMB Corderiro & CJS DeMatos (eds), AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1055, pp. 3-5, 1st Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications , Sao Pedro, Brazil, 20/08/08. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3002538
Knight J. Optics in Microstructured and Photonic Crystal Fibers. In Corderiro CMB, DeMatos CJS, editors, AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1055. 2008. p. 3-5 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3002538
Knight, Jonathan. / Optics in Microstructured and Photonic Crystal Fibers. AIP Conference Proceedings. editor / C.M.B. Corderiro ; C.J.S. DeMatos. Vol. 1055 2008. pp. 3-5
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