# Optical Emission Line Nebulae in Galaxy Cluster Cores 1

## The Morphological, Kinematic and Spectral Properties of the Sample

S. L. Hamer, A. C. Edge, A. M. Swinbank, R. J. Wilman, F. Combes, P. Salomé, A. C. Fabian, C. S. Crawford, H. R. Russell, J. Hlavacek-Larrondo, B. McNamara, M. N. Bremer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

### Abstract

We present an Integral Field Unit survey of 73 galaxy clusters and groups with the VIsible Multi Object Spectrograph (VIMOS) on VLT. We exploit the data to determine the H_alpha gas dynamics on kpc-scales to study the feedback processes occurring within the dense cluster cores. We determine the kinematic state of the ionised gas and show that the majority of systems (~2/3) have relatively ordered velocity fields on kpc scales that are similar to the kinematics of rotating discs and are decoupled from the stellar kinematics of the Brightest Cluster Galaxy. The majority of the H$\alpha$ flux (>50%) is typically associated with these ordered kinematics and most systems show relatively simple morphologies suggesting they have not been disturbed by a recent merger or interaction. Approximately 20% of the sample (13/73) have disturbed morphologies which can typically be attributed to AGN activity disrupting the gas. Only one system shows any evidence of an interaction with another cluster member. A spectral analysis of the gas suggests that the ionisation of the gas within cluster cores is dominated by non stellar processes, possibly originating from the intracluster medium itself.
Original language English 1758-1789 32 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 460 2 6 May 2016 https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw1054 Published - 1 Aug 2016

• astro-ph.GA
• astro-ph.CO

### Cite this

Optical Emission Line Nebulae in Galaxy Cluster Cores 1 : The Morphological, Kinematic and Spectral Properties of the Sample. / Hamer, S. L.; Edge, A. C.; Swinbank, A. M.; Wilman, R. J.; Combes, F.; Salomé, P.; Fabian, A. C.; Crawford, C. S.; Russell, H. R.; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J.; McNamara, B.; Bremer, M. N.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 460, No. 2, 01.08.2016, p. 1758-1789.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hamer, SL, Edge, AC, Swinbank, AM, Wilman, RJ, Combes, F, Salomé, P, Fabian, AC, Crawford, CS, Russell, HR, Hlavacek-Larrondo, J, McNamara, B & Bremer, MN 2016, 'Optical Emission Line Nebulae in Galaxy Cluster Cores 1: The Morphological, Kinematic and Spectral Properties of the Sample', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 460, no. 2, pp. 1758-1789. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw1054
Hamer, S. L. ; Edge, A. C. ; Swinbank, A. M. ; Wilman, R. J. ; Combes, F. ; Salomé, P. ; Fabian, A. C. ; Crawford, C. S. ; Russell, H. R. ; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J. ; McNamara, B. ; Bremer, M. N. / Optical Emission Line Nebulae in Galaxy Cluster Cores 1 : The Morphological, Kinematic and Spectral Properties of the Sample. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 460, No. 2. pp. 1758-1789.
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abstract = "We present an Integral Field Unit survey of 73 galaxy clusters and groups with the VIsible Multi Object Spectrograph (VIMOS) on VLT. We exploit the data to determine the H_alpha gas dynamics on kpc-scales to study the feedback processes occurring within the dense cluster cores. We determine the kinematic state of the ionised gas and show that the majority of systems (~2/3) have relatively ordered velocity fields on kpc scales that are similar to the kinematics of rotating discs and are decoupled from the stellar kinematics of the Brightest Cluster Galaxy. The majority of the H$\alpha$ flux (>50{\%}) is typically associated with these ordered kinematics and most systems show relatively simple morphologies suggesting they have not been disturbed by a recent merger or interaction. Approximately 20{\%} of the sample (13/73) have disturbed morphologies which can typically be attributed to AGN activity disrupting the gas. Only one system shows any evidence of an interaction with another cluster member. A spectral analysis of the gas suggests that the ionisation of the gas within cluster cores is dominated by non stellar processes, possibly originating from the intracluster medium itself.",
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AU - Hamer, S. L.

AU - Edge, A. C.

AU - Swinbank, A. M.

AU - Wilman, R. J.

AU - Combes, F.

AU - Salomé, P.

AU - Fabian, A. C.

AU - Crawford, C. S.

AU - Russell, H. R.

AU - Hlavacek-Larrondo, J.

AU - McNamara, B.

AU - Bremer, M. N.

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N2 - We present an Integral Field Unit survey of 73 galaxy clusters and groups with the VIsible Multi Object Spectrograph (VIMOS) on VLT. We exploit the data to determine the H_alpha gas dynamics on kpc-scales to study the feedback processes occurring within the dense cluster cores. We determine the kinematic state of the ionised gas and show that the majority of systems (~2/3) have relatively ordered velocity fields on kpc scales that are similar to the kinematics of rotating discs and are decoupled from the stellar kinematics of the Brightest Cluster Galaxy. The majority of the H$\alpha$ flux (>50%) is typically associated with these ordered kinematics and most systems show relatively simple morphologies suggesting they have not been disturbed by a recent merger or interaction. Approximately 20% of the sample (13/73) have disturbed morphologies which can typically be attributed to AGN activity disrupting the gas. Only one system shows any evidence of an interaction with another cluster member. A spectral analysis of the gas suggests that the ionisation of the gas within cluster cores is dominated by non stellar processes, possibly originating from the intracluster medium itself.

AB - We present an Integral Field Unit survey of 73 galaxy clusters and groups with the VIsible Multi Object Spectrograph (VIMOS) on VLT. We exploit the data to determine the H_alpha gas dynamics on kpc-scales to study the feedback processes occurring within the dense cluster cores. We determine the kinematic state of the ionised gas and show that the majority of systems (~2/3) have relatively ordered velocity fields on kpc scales that are similar to the kinematics of rotating discs and are decoupled from the stellar kinematics of the Brightest Cluster Galaxy. The majority of the H$\alpha$ flux (>50%) is typically associated with these ordered kinematics and most systems show relatively simple morphologies suggesting they have not been disturbed by a recent merger or interaction. Approximately 20% of the sample (13/73) have disturbed morphologies which can typically be attributed to AGN activity disrupting the gas. Only one system shows any evidence of an interaction with another cluster member. A spectral analysis of the gas suggests that the ionisation of the gas within cluster cores is dominated by non stellar processes, possibly originating from the intracluster medium itself.

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