Opposite effects of visual versus imagined presentation of faces on subsequent sex perception

Lisa M. DeBruine, Lisa L M Welling, Benedict C. Jones, Anthony C. Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Viewing faces of one sex changes the perception of subsequently seen ambiguous faces. Here we investigate if the mechanisms responsible for this sex aftereffect are also activated during mental imagery of faces. Participants categorized the sex of ambiguous faces after either viewing images of male or female actors' faces or imagining these same faces. As in previous studies, the ambiguous images were categorized as female more often after viewing male faces than after viewing female faces. The opposite effect was found for imagined faces, however; the ambiguous images were categorized as female more often after imagining female faces than after imagining male faces. Although our results are inconsistent with findings that imagined faces cause either no aftereffects or similar aftereffects to visually presented faces, our results are consistent with recent evidence that visual and imagined presentation of faces cause opposite adaptation effects on an early electrophysiological response associated with face processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-828
Number of pages13
JournalVisual Cognition
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Aftereffects
  • Categorical perception
  • Faces
  • Imagery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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