We propose a new mechanism for the stabilization of confined modes in lasers and semiconductor microcavities holding exciton-polariton condensates, with spatially uniform linear gain, cubic loss, and cubic self-focusing or defocusing nonlinearity. We demonstrated that the commonly known background instability driven by the linear gain can be suppressed by a combination of a harmonic-oscillator trapping potential and effective diffusion. Systematic numerical analysis of one- and two-dimensional (1D and 2D) versions of the model reveals a variety of stable modes, including stationary ones, breathers, and quasi-regular patterns filling the trapping area in the 1D case. In 2D, the analysis produces stationary modes, breathers, axisymmetric and rotating crescent-shaped vortices, stably rotating complexes built of up to 8 individual vortices, and, in addition, patterns featuring vortex turbulence. Existence boundaries for both 1D and 2D stationary modes are found in an exact analytical form, and an analytical approximation is developed for the full stationary states.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics