On the use of actively controlled auxiliary bearings in magnetic bearing systems

Iain S Cade, M Necip Sahinkaya, Clifford R Burrows, Patrick S Keogh

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Auxiliary bearings are used to prevent rotor/stator contact in active magnetic bearing systems. They are sacrificial components providing a physical limit on the rotor displacement. During rotor/auxiliary bearing contact significant forces normal to the contact zone may occur. Furthermore, rotor slip and rub can lead to localized frictional heating. Linear control strategies may also become ineffective or induce instability due to changes in rotordynamic characteristics during contact periods. This work considers the concept of using actively controlled auxiliary bearings in magnetic bearing systems. Auxiliary bearing controller design is focused on attenuating bearing vibration resulting from contact and reducing the contact forces. Controller optimization is based on the H-infinity norm with appropriate weighting functions applied to the error and control signals. The controller is assessed using a simulated rotor/magnetic bearing system. Comparison of the performance of an actively controlled auxiliary bearing is made with that of a resiliently mounted auxiliary bearing. Rotor drop tests, repeated contact tests, and sudden rotor unbalance resulting in trapped contact modes, arc considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1137-1147
Number of pages11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008
Event53rd ASME Turbo Expo 2008 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 9 Jun 200813 Jun 2008

Conference

Conference53rd ASME Turbo Expo 2008
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period9/06/0813/06/08

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Keywords

  • Vibration control
  • Rotating machinery

Cite this

Cade, I. S., Sahinkaya, M. N., Burrows, C. R., & Keogh, P. S. (2008). On the use of actively controlled auxiliary bearings in magnetic bearing systems. 1137-1147. Paper presented at 53rd ASME Turbo Expo 2008, Berlin, Germany. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2982159