On the Dynamics of Inherent Balancing of Modular Multilevel DC-AC-DC Converters

X. Xiang, Y. Gu, K. Chen, A. Astolfi, T. C. Green

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Modular multilevel dc-ac-dc converters (MMDACs) serve as an enabler for dc distribution systems. The modular multilevel structure enables flexible voltage transforms, but raises issues over balancing of the submodule (SM) capacitor voltages. This letter focuses on the dynamics of inherent balancing of MMDACs under circulant modulation. We provide an invariance-like result using a variant of Barbalat's Lemma and prove that the SM capacitor voltages converge to the kernel of the circulant switching matrix, which is the intersection of the invariant sets for each switching state. We further interpret the balancing dynamics as a permuted linear time-invariant system and prove that the envelop of the balancing trajectories is governed by the eigenvalues of the permuted state-transition matrix. This result extends previous full-rank criterion for inherent balancing in a steady state and provides new insight into the dynamic behavior of MMDACs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9113340
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number1
Early online date10 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2021


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