Although numerous policies encourage CO2 and energy consumption reduction within the UK non-domestic sector, most measures are primarily focused towards reducing operational impacts, but largely overlook embodied impacts, particularly within the construction process. On-site construction refers to the energy consumed during the installation of materials up to project practical completion and represents the largest share of construction process CO2 emissions. Contractors have a pivotal role to play in reducing CO2 and energy consumption due to their significant involvement in project procurement and on-site construction. The key challenges and opportunities are investigated for delivering on-site energy management within UK non-domestic projects from a contractor's perspective. A case study is presented of a large UK principal contractor's on-site energy management practices, based on a wide geographical sample of non-domestic projects and operatives. Shortcomings are found within the contractor's current on-site energy management procedure across the three reporting levels (director, operations and project). Findings identified the lack of data authentication as a significant challenge, whereas capturing additional project variables to facilitate future benchmarking was deemed as a key opportunity for on-site energy management enhancement.