Occupation times of refracted Lévy processes

A. E. Kyprianou, J. C. Pardo, J. L. Pérez

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A refracted Lévy process is a Lévy process whose dynamics change by subtracting off a fixed linear drift (of suitable size) whenever the aggregate process is above a pre-specified level. More precisely, whenever it exists, a refracted Lévy process is described by the unique strong solution to the stochastic differential equation $$\begin{aligned} {\mathrm{d}}U_t=-\delta \mathbf 1 _{\{U_t>b\}}{\mathrm{d}}t +{\mathrm{d}}X_t,\quad t\ge 0 \end{aligned}$$ where \(X=(X_t, t\ge 0)\) is a Lévy process with law \(\mathbb{P }\) and \(b,\delta \in \mathbb{R }\) such that the resulting process \(U\) may visit the half line \((b,\infty )\) with positive probability. In this paper, we consider the case that \(X\) is spectrally negative and establish a number of identities for the following functionals $$\begin{aligned} \int \limits _0^\infty \mathbf 1 _{\{U_t<b\}}{\mathrm{d}}t, \quad \int \limits _0^{\kappa _c^+}\mathbf 1 _{\{U_t<b\}}{\mathrm{d}}t, \quad \int \limits _0^{\kappa ^-_a}\mathbf 1 _{\{U_t<b\}}{\mathrm{d}}t, \quad \int \limits _0^{\kappa _c^+\wedge \kappa ^-_a}\mathbf 1 _{\{U_t<b\}}{\mathrm{d}}t, \end{aligned}$$ where \(\kappa ^+_c=\inf \{t\ge 0: U_t> c\}\) and \(\kappa ^-_a=\inf \{t\ge 0: U_t< a\}\) for \(a<b<c\). Our identities extend recent results of Landriault et al. (Stoch Process Appl 121:2629–2641, 2011) and bear relevance to Parisian-type financial instruments and insurance scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1292-1315
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Theoretical Probability
Issue number4
Early online date29 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014


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