We demonstrate the compression of picosecond pulses using the large group velocity dispersion available from planar photonic crystal (PhC) coupled cavity waveguides (CCWs). A maximum pulsewidth reduction of 40%, from 1.91 to 1.17 ps, is achieved, in transmission through an 8-μm-long planar PhC waveguide; The equivalent dispersion value is >106 times larger than that available from standard single-mode fiber, at the pulse center wavelength of 1536 nm. The device performance is analyzed with the aid of both two-dimensional (2-D) eigenmode expansion and 2-D finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) models. The models included the material dispersion of the GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure, into which the PhCs are etched, and show remarkable agreement with experiment.
- Band-gap structures
- Optical planar waveguides
- Optical pulse compression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics